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Origin Of Kayak/Canoe

Table Of Content

1. Origin Of Kayak/Canoe

Ship, as a means of human production and transportation, has a history of tens of thousands of years, and the world’s oldest boat – primitive canoe is the ancestor of modern kayak.

kayak and canoe are closely linked, which has its historical roots. kayak includes kayak and rowing. Kayak is kayak in English, which originally refers to the canoe of the Eskimo people; Rowing is canoe in English, and its original meaning is canoe.

Therefore, kayak and rowing are collectively referred to as canoe in some parts of Europe and America.

2. Kayak structure

kayak is the rowing movement in which the paddlers ride in a special boat and paddle in the forward direction by one or more paddlers. kayak, including kayak and rowing, is a boat with small tips at both ends and no paddle frame.

Because the competition venues, competition distances, competition rules and referee methods of the two kinds of boats are basically the same, kayak and rowing are collectively referred to as kayak. However, the boat structure, the shape of the paddle, the rowing posture, the method of holding the paddle and the technical action of the two boats are completely different.

3. Types of kayaks

Single kayak (K1)

Double kayak (K2)

Kayak for four (K4)

Single rower (C1)

Double rowing (C2)

Single tourist boat (T1)

Twin tourist boat (T2)

4. Canoeing project division

The canoeing project is divided into two parts: still water and torrent. Still water events: they are distinguished according to the competition distance, types of boats and athletes’ gender.

Torrent events: it is also divided into slalom and wild water. Slalom events include men’s single kayak, single rowing, double rowing and women’s single kayak. These four events are not only Olympic events, but also National Games events.

Rafting project: various boat types or rubber boats are used in rivers with certain flow velocity and drop, which can be divided into single person, double person or multiple people. There are also kayak marathons and kayak balls.

5. The historical origin of kayak

kayak is a water sport of great exercise value, which belongs to speed and endurance.

Regular participation in canoeing can effectively enhance the function of cardiovascular system and respiratory system, increase vital capacity, and develop whole-body muscle strength and endurance.

The rudiment of canoeing originated from the Arctic was originally the transportation of the Inuit (Eskimo). Looking at the canoe made of whale bones and driftwood, it is difficult to imagine that it will become an official event in the ascendant of the Olympic Games.

The transformation of ancient canoes into modern kayaks is also due to the 19th century British wandering writer John McGregor. He imitated the Inuit canoe to make a small boat, and then drifted in the rivers and lakes of Europe. Soon someone imitated his small boat to build a boat, so he established a kayak club. In 1866, the first kayak competition was held.



1.Professional canoeist   2.One of the founders of lydia sports 3.Practice kayaking for more than 15 years.

4.Women’s 200m and 1000m single kayak champion of the third national kayak U23 Championship

5.the silver medal in the women’s 500m four person kayak competition of the 13th National Games



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